Environmental enrichment interaction for laboratory beagle dogs used in research


canine welfare, canine behavior, environmental stimulus, experimental laboratory.

How to Cite

Fernandes, A. J. B., Campos, F. da S. F., Oliveira, G. S., Oliveira, P. C., Borges, D. A., Pedrosa, I. de A., & Scott, F. B. (2024). Environmental enrichment interaction for laboratory beagle dogs used in research. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 46, e006323. https://doi.org/10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm006323


Experimental animal facilities can have a negative impact on the well-being of animals owing to confinement. To mitigate this, environmental enrichment (EE) is implemented confinement. The purpose of EE is to enhance the complexity of an animal’s natural environment. The objective of this study was to identify the types of EE most enjoyed by dogs used in experimental research and housed in individual kennels. A total of six adult Beagle dogs, housed at the Laboratório de Quimioterapia Experimental em Parasitologia Veterinária (LQEPV) at the Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ) were included in the study. The EE tools used included Petball® toys, a grassy outdoor area, interaction with other dogs and with a team member, a “pool” made of plastic bottles, and dog’s wet food ice cream. A team member assessed the usage of these tools every 5 min for a 30-min period, six times per day, one day per week, over the course of eight weeks. The study revealed that the grass area was the tool most commonly used for physical enrichment, accounting for 58% of the occurrences (p < 0.05). Social and food enrichment were enjoyed in second and third place, with 23% and 19% of occurrences, respectively. that the study findings suggest that dogs housed in individual kennels enjoy engaging in their natural behaviors.



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Copyright (c) 2024 Anna Julia Bessa Fernandes, Fernanda da Silva Freitas Campos, Gabriella Santos Oliveira, Priscila Cardim Oliveira, Debora Azevedo Borges, Ivan de Alamar Pedrosa, Fabio Barbour Scott