Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine <p>The Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine was launched in 1979 as the official scientific periodical of the Sociedade de Medicina Veterinária do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (SOMVERJ). </p> <p>The Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or their institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other legal purpose, without asking for prior permission from the editor or author, provided they are cited. The font is licensed by Creative Commons Attribution International CC-BY.</p> <p><strong>ISSN 0100-2430</strong></p> <p><strong>ISSN-e 2527-2179.</strong></p> <p> </p> Sociedade de Medicina Veterinária do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. en-US Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 0100-2430 Linear CT-scan measurements of cerebral ventricles in senile Poodle dogs <p>Breed traits seem to influence the dimensions of the cerebral ventricles in dogs. The ratios between the ventricles and the brain are crucial diagnostic criteria for suspected canine cognitive dysfunction (CCD). This study aimed to establish linear computed tomography (CT)-scan measurements of the cerebral ventricles in 55 Poodle dogs aged &gt;7 years. To this end, cross-sectional CT images were evaluated. The measurements in the whole sample were: height of the right ventricle, 6.0 ± 1.6 mm; height of the left ventricle, 5.8 ± 1.6 mm; width of the right ventricle, 6.9 ± 1.4 mm; width of the left ventricle, 7.0 ± 1.3 mm; height of the third ventricle, 3.4 ± 0.8 mm; height of the right cerebral hemisphere, 39.5 ± 2.0 mm; and height of the left cerebral hemisphere, 40.2 ± 2.6 mm. The average ventricular measurements were higher in dogs older than 11 years (p &lt; 0.05). However, the average ratio of the ventricle height to the height of the brain did not reveal differences between age groups, sex, or antimeres. In addition, none of the images showed fused lateral ventricles. Thus, these data can assist in interpreting ventricle size in senile Poodle dogs (aged &gt;7 years).</p> Glauce Vaz Diniz Araújo Paulo de Souza-Junior Shirley Viana-Peçanha Carlos Augusto dos Santos-Sousa Marcia Torres Ramos Fernanda Coelho Simas Bernardes Marcelo Abidu-Figueiredo Copyright (c) 2023 Glauce Vaz Diniz Araújo, Paulo de Souza-Junior, Shirley Viana-Peçanha, Carlos Augusto dos Santos-Sousa, Marcia Torres Ramos, Fernanda Coelho Simas Bernardes, Marcelo Abidu-Figueiredo 2023-05-30 2023-05-30 45 e004922 e004922 10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm004922 Morphometry and skeletopy of kidneys and renal vessels in Alouatta guariba clamitans (Primates: Atelidae): case reports <p>Various animal models are used for research; however, non-human primates are well suited for biomedical research owing to their genetic homology with humans. The objective of this research was the anatomical characterization of red howler’s kidneys in view of the scarcity of information in the literature. Protocols were approved by the Committee for Ethics in the Use of Animals at the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (number 018/2017). The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Teaching and Research in Domestic and Wild Animal Morphology, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro. Specimens of <em>Alouatta guariba clamitans </em>were collected from the Serra dos Órgãos National Park road in Rio de Janeiro and subsequently frozen. Four adult cadavers (two males and two females) were used, identified, and injected with a 10% formaldehyde solution. Later, the specimens were dissected, and measurements and topography of the kidneys and renal vessels were recorded. The kidneys of <em>A. g. clamitans </em>resemble a “bean seed,” with a smooth surface. The longitudinal section shows two distinct regions, cortical and medullary; in addition, the kidneys are unipyramidal. The renal arteries emerged from the abdominal aorta as a single vessel posterior to the renal veins. The renal veins drained directly into the caudal vena cava as a single vessel in all specimens.</p> Shirley Viana Peçanha Thaís Mattos Estruc Raquel Batista Junger de Carvalho Carlos Augusto dos Santos-Sousa Paulo Souza-Júnior Marcelo Abidu-Figueiredo Copyright (c) 2023 Shirley Viana Peçanha, Thaís Mattos Estruc, Raquel Batista Junger de Carvalho, Carlos Augusto dos Santos-Sousa, Paulo Souza-Júnior, Marcelo Abidu-Figueiredo 2023-05-18 2023-05-18 45 e005222 e005222 10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm005222 Fibrosis in canine transmissible venereal tumor after chemotherapy with vincristine <p>The canine transmissible venereal tumor is type of transmissible cancer that occurs naturally through allogenic cellular transplants. Commonly diagnosed in the genital area of sexually active dogs, the tumor typically responds well to vincristine sulfate chemotherapy, although there are cases of resistance to the drug correlated with the tumoral phenotype. We describe herein a case of fibrosis in an area affected by the tumor in a dog after vincristine chemotherapeutic treatment that was associated with an idiosyncratic reaction to the drug.</p> Anderson do Prado Duzanski Haline Ballestero Feo Luis Mauricio Montoya Flóre Fernando Carmona Dinau Bruna Ribeiro Paiva Cláudia Valéria Seullner Brandão Noeme Sousa Rocha Copyright (c) 2023 Anderson do Prado Duzanski , Haline Ballestero Feo, Luis Mauricio Montoya Flóre, Fernando Carmona Dinau, Bruna Ribeiro Paiva, Cláudia Valéria Seullner Brandão, Noeme Sousa Rocha 2023-04-24 2023-04-24 45 e000123 e000123 10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm000123 Refrigerated modified Knott concentrate enables long-term morphological viability of canine blood microfilariae <p>There are several methods of laboratory diagnosis of filarids, the most used are the thick smear and the Knott method. Both are quick to perform, have a low cost and allow observing the presence, quantifying and analyzing the morphological characteristics of microfilariae. Knowing the morphological viability of fixed microfilariae is of practical importance, as it allows the transport of samples to a laboratory, facilitates epidemiological studies , and allows the storage of samples for didactic. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological viability of microfilariae fixed in the refrigerated modified knott test using 2% formalin. To perform the modified Knott technique, 10 samples of microfilaremic dogs aged over 6 months were used. To evaluate the morphological viability time of the microfilariae in the modified Knott concentrate, the evaluations were repeated after intervals of 0, 1, 7, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240, and 304 days. In the present study, we did not verify any difference in the morphology of the microfilariae in any of the analyzed intervals from day 0 to 304 days, and it is possible to conclude that the use of 2% formalin in the modified Knott technique allows the microfilariae to be identified in a period of 304 days. days after processing the sample without changes in its morphology.</p> Leticia Gomes Zanfagnini Tatiane Paula da Silva Diefrey Ribeiro Campos Soraia Figueiredo de Souza Patrícia Fernandes Nunes da Silva Malavazi Rômulo Silva de Oliveira Cíntia Daudt Acácio Duarte Pacheco Copyright (c) 2023 Leticia Gomes Zanfagnini, Tatiane Paula da Silva, Diefrey Ribeiro Campos, Soraia Figueiredo de Souza, Patrícia Fernandes Nunes da Silva Malavazi, Rômulo Silva de Oliveira, Cíntia Daudt, Acácio Duarte Pacheco 2023-04-25 2023-04-25 45 e000223 e000223 10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm000223 Laser therapy in the treatment of feline sporotrichosis: A case series <p>Sporotrichosis is the most prevalent subcutaneous mycosis in Latin America and is an important zoonosis in expansion throughout all the brazilian territory. Domestic cats are highly susceptible to the disease and play an important role in the spread of the agent to both other animals and humans. <em>Sporothrix brasiliensis</em>, the predominant species in the country, has greater virulence and some isolates also showed resistance to azoles, the class of antifungals of choice for treatment. Because it is a long-duration treatment, of high cost, and oral use, sick animals are often abandoned, which contributes to the spread and permanence of the infection as an important public health problem. Therefore, new therapeutic alternatives or adjuncts to treatment with antifungals may contribute to combating this zoonotic agent. In this work we describe the result of the treatment with laser therapy of eight <em>Sporothrix </em>spp infected cats. Our findings show the efficacy of the laser treatment even in different clinical forms. This technique has the potential to decrease the time length and costs of conventional treatment as well as the improvement of the treatment results.</p> Daniella Souther Carvalho Ribeiro Luana Jordão Machado Jéssica Gomes Pereira Andrea Regina de Souza Baptista Elisabeth Martins da Silva da Rocha Copyright (c) 2023 Daniella Souther Carvalho Ribeiro, Luana Jordão Machado, Jéssica Gomes Pereira, Andrea Regina de Souza Baptista, Elisabeth Martins da Silva da Rocha 2023-04-25 2023-04-25 45 e005822 e005822 10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm005822