Solid epithelioid peritoneal mesothelioma with pulmonary metastasis in feline


cat, mesothelium, peritoneum, tumor.

How to Cite

de Carvalho, H. C. T., Gundim, L. F., Pastor, F. M., Guimarães, G. H., Coleto, A. F., Szabó, M. P. J., & Medeiros-Ronchi, A. A. (2024). Solid epithelioid peritoneal mesothelioma with pulmonary metastasis in feline. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 46, e004523.


Mesothelioma is a rare malignant neoplasm that affects the mesothelial cells lining the thoracic and abdominal cavities, such as the pleura, peritoneum, and pericardium. It is most prevalent in dogs and cattle, but the causes of this disease in animals are uncertain. In felines, it mainly affects the pleura, with an unfavorable prognosis. This paper explores a rare case of metastatic peritoneal mesothelioma in a 2-year-old female mixed breed cat, emphasizing its uniqueness due to the feline’s age. The patient, previously treated at a private clinic, presented moderate abdominal distension as the only clinical sign. Abdominal ultrasound and peritoneal fluid cytology led to the provisional diagnosis of mesothelioma/ carcinomatosis. One day after exploratory laparotomy, the animal died and was subsequently sent for necropsy. During macroscopic analysis, nodules were observed in the peritoneum, diaphragm, omentum, stomach serosa, and large intestine, and the diagnosis of solid epithelioid peritoneal mesothelioma with lung metastasis was confirmed after microscopic analysis. The diagnosis of mesothelioma is challenging, and the importance of immunohistochemical panels with specific markers such as cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and calretinin is highlighted. Considering that mesothelioma is a pathology with a poor prognosis, it is essential to include this disease in the list of differential diagnoses within veterinary oncology.


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Copyright (c) 2024 Heloísa Cristina Teixeira de Carvalho, Lígia Fernandes Gundim, Felipe Martins Pastor, Gabriel Henrique Guimarães, Arlinda Flores Coleto, Matias Pablo Juan Szabó, Alessandra Aparecida Medeiros-Ronchi